Personal with PopeSubmit
LOVE is my only religion. I am NOT a girl that can be defined. I refuse to let them box me in. I wont allow anyone to rape my gifts. Evolving from who I thought I should be to who I am Supposed to be. I am created in the image of The Most High, therefore I am the Light the Illuminates
"IF YOU CAN CONTROL A MAN’S THINKING, YOU DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT HIS ACTIONS. IF YOU CAN DETERMINE WHAT A MAN THINKS YOU DO NOT HAVE WORRY ABOUT WHAT HE WILL DO. IF YOU CAN MAKE A MAN BELIEVE THAT HE IS INFERIOR, YOU DON’T HAVE TO COMPEL HIM TO SEEK AN INFERIOR STATUS, HE WILL DO SO WITHOUT BEING TOLD AND IF YOU CAN MAKE A MAN BELIEVE THAT HE IS JUSTLY AN OUTCAST, YOU DON’T HAVE TO ORDER HIM TO THE BACK DOOR, HE WILL GO TO THE BACK DOOR ON HIS OWN AND IF THERE IS NO BACK DOOR, THE VERY NATURE OF THE MAN WILL DEMAND THAT YOU BUILD ONE."
The Greek alphabet, the script of English today, is based on the Kemetic alphabet of Ancient Egypt/Kemet and the Upper Nile Valley of Ancient Africa. Ancient Egyptians called their words MDW NTR, or ‘Metu Neter,” which means divine speech. The Greeks called the language of Ancient Egyptians ‘hieroglyphics’ which is a Greek word. The etymology of hieroglyphics is sacred (hieros) carvings (glyph). According to Muata Ashby,
“The mouth is a symbol of consciousness…thoughts are conditioning instruments. This means that when you think, you are actually differentiating. When the mind goes beyond words, it goes beyond thoughts and thereby experiences undifferented consciousness.
Speaking is an art to be performed when it will do the most good and not for idle talk or for showing off to others or those who do not wish to listen.
Kemet (Ancient Egypt) was the most advanced civilization of the world. Who nurtured it? Ethiopians were indeed the predecessors to the Ancient Egyptians. Diodorus Siculus affirmed,
“They say also that the Egyptians are colonists sent out by the Ethiopians, Osiris having been the leader of the colony… And the larger part of the customs of the Egyptians are, they hold, Ethiopian, the colonists still preserving their ancient manners. For instance, the belief that their kings are gods, the very special attention which they pay to their burials, and many other matters of a similar nature are Ethiopian practices, while the shapes of their statues and the forms of their letters are Ethiopian.”
In other words, every aspect of Ancient Egyptian life originated in the Nubian Valley of Kush, to the south of Kemet, cultivated by Ethiopians. Osiris was probably an Ethiopian set out to migrate to the North where he decided to stay and extend the great Ethiopian civilization in the Nile River Valley, where he was deified as one of the most famous manifestations of God in Kemetic spirituality and mythology.
Ethiopian were world renowned at the time and their empire/civilization/skills/customs extended beyond the Nubian and Nile Valleys and into the Mediterranean.
The Rosetta Stone is written in three scripts because when it was written, there were three scripts being used in Egypt. The Rosetta Stone was written in all three scripts so that the priests, government officials and rulers of Egypt could read what it said.
The first was hieroglyphic which was the script used for important or religious documents. The second was demotic which was the common script of Egypt. The third was Greek which was the language of the rulers of Egypt at that time.
^Detail of hieroglyphic and demotic script on the Rosetta Stone
On this day, the late Bob Marley would have turned 67 years old. In honor of the “soul rebel” who encouraged Jamaicans and the rest of the world to embrace a black consciousness and support liberation struggles, I invoke the memory of another Jamaican hero for our Black “Herstory” Month series: the fierce fugitive slave Nanny of the Maroons.
Nanny is thought to be a member of the Ashanti Kingdom of West Africa brought to Jamaica as a slave in the 18th century. She led a community of fugitive slaves (or “maroons”) in the rain forest called Nanny Town. Legend has it that through the 19-year “First Maroon War” she held out against the British colonizers and slaveowners through both militaristic and magical powers, defeating English armies by catching bullets in her buttocks and hurling them back. It is believed that she died in battle around 1734.
You can find historical accounts of Nanny of the Maroons in Jenny Sharpe’s Ghosts of Slavery and in Madeleine Burnside and Rosemarie Robotham’s Spirits of the Passage. But I am not very concerned with distinguishing between what of Nanny’s story is factual “history” and what is simply “myth.” As an interdisciplinary black feminist scholar, I tend to agree with Trinh T. Minh-ha in her phenomenal Woman, Native, Other, when she reminds us that Western historians and anthropologists long dismissed the vast historical knowledge of indigenous women since its tellers refused to distinguish between what was “just a story” and what “really happened.” When receiving the history of a Jamaican icon like Nanny, is it important to debunk if she really had magical powers? Scholar Raquel Z. Rivera, who coined the theory of liberation mythology, says:
I look at myths not as stories or beliefs that are (necessarily) untrue but as tropes that poetically attempt to explain or get us closer to the unexplainable. The myth may or may not be true; my aim is not to determine if it is or if it isn’t true, but to explore the ‘dreams of freedom’ at the root of myth-making.
Myths, says Rivera, allow us to look back at the past to imagine larger-than-life outcomes and possibilities.
Today, Nanny of the Maroons is officially recognized as one of Jamaica’s national heroes (the only woman among seven). She is featured in the Jamaican Heroes National Park and appears on the Jamaican $500 bill. Jamaican author Michelle Cliff included Nanny in her novels Abeng and Free Enterprise. Not too long ago, Jamaican American artist Renee Cox featured Nanny as a subject in her art series, Queen Nanny of the Maroons.
Nanny is yet another black woman of history whom we can look to as a model of successful strategies of resistance. May we pour libation for these spirits who quite literally placed their bodies on the line for our freedoms.
Drawing of Nanny of the Maroons from the National Library of Jamaica, via Yale.edu.
711 to 1492 Spain, as it is now known, was ruled by Black African Moors.
The etymology of the word ‘Moor’ is black, or dark. Moors were a mix of Black African and Arabic Muslims who ruled Spain and the rest of the Iberian peninsula between 711 and 1492.
The Moors were constantly defending against invading Christian Europeans from the north. This period as we are brainwashed to know from K-12 is called the Reconquista, or the reconquest, during the Christian/Muslim war of the Crusades.
Nevertheless, Al-Andalus, or Moorish Iberia, flourished in the arts, sciences, medicine, religion, culture, and architecture. Córdoba was one capitol of the several caliphates on the peninsula, and was one of the most advanced and populous cities in the world at the time, as well as a great cultural, political, financial and economic center.
Rule under these kingdoms saw the rise in cultural exchange and cooperation between Christians, Muslims, and Jews. Under the Caliphate of Córdoba, al-Andalus was a beacon of learning, and the city of Córdoba became one of the leading cultural and economic centres in both the Mediterranean Basin and the Islamic world.
Moorish contributions to Western Europe and especially to Spain were almost incalculable—in art and architecture, medicine and science, and learning (especially ancient Greek learning).